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Home Tutorials Music Production MUSIC THEORY FOR PRODUCERS - MINOR SCALES - PART 3

MUSIC THEORY FOR PRODUCERS – MINOR SCALES – PART 3

Today we will learn about harmonic minor scales. The first thing to do is to remember that there are three types of minor scales: natural, harmonic and melodic. We’ve seen the natural minor scale so far, which starts on the 6th degree of the major scale and has the same key signature. As an example, let’s consider A Natural Minor:

A is the 6th degree of C Major scale, and it also has no accidentals.

Also, A Natural Minor is the relative scale from C Major.

Here’s how A Natural Minor scale sounds like:

 

Harmonic Minor Scales

The notes of a harmonic minor scale are the same as the natural minor, except for the 7th degree, which is raised by a half step. So, the A Harmonic Minor scale will be like this:

Notice that we raised the 7th degree (G) by a half step, so the A harmonic minor scale will have G# instead of G.

Using music notation:

One important note: the accidental on the 7th degree will not be a part of the key signature.

Notice that this time the scale is written in the ascendant and descendant modes. It will be necessary to better understand the melodic minor scale that we will cover in a future lesson.

Here’s how a harmonic minor scale sounds like:

 

It’s a very exotic sound.

Now let’s build the E Harmonic Minor scale. To do that, we must know the key signature for E Natural Minor. And to do that, we must remember E natural minor’s relative major scale. If you’re not familiar with relative major/relative minor scales, I suggest you read and practice the previous lessons about minor scales.

So, G is the relative major scale of E Minor. The key signature for G Major has one sharp (F). That will be E Natural Minor key signature:

Now, all we need to do is to raise the 7th degree of E Natural Minor to turn it into an E Harmonic Minor scale:

Using the keyboard diagram:

 

At last, let’s build the D Harmonic Minor scale. Their relative major is F, so the key signature will have one flat (B):

Using the keyboard diagram:

That’s it! In the next lesson, we will continue to build a few more harmonic minor scales.

Good productions!

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FrancisHamzagichttp://www.francishamzagic.com%20
Pianist, keyboardist and music producer.
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