MUSIC THEORY FOR PRODUCERS INTERVALS – PART 5
In the previous lessons, we’ve been learning about intervals. Now it’s time to put it into practice by learning how to build chords.
With the interval knowledge that we have so far, it’s already possible to build some chords. Chords are a combination of three or more notes played simultaneously or even melodically. The simplest and smallest type of chord is called a triad. Today we will learn how to build ANY major or minor triad.
Major triad: a major triad is a chord consisting of the root, major 3rd, and a perfect 5th. For example, if you want to build a C major chord, you will start with C as the root. Then you find its major 3rd and its perfect 5th. We have seen in previous examples that the major 3rd of C is E, and the perfect 5th of C is G. Then a C major chord is just C, E and G:
Similarly, let’s now build a G major chord:
Notice that B is G’s major 3rd and D is its perfect 5th.
So, the chord formula for any major triad is root – M3 – P5 (it’s crucial!).
If you’re comfortable with finding major thirds and perfect fifths of any note, it will be extremely simple for you to build any major triad.
Minor Triad: A minor triad is a chord consisting of the root, a minor 3rd, and a perfect 5th. So, the only difference between a major and a minor chord is their 3rd. With that said, you can build any minor triad also by building a major triad and then switching the major 3rd to the correspondent minor 3rd.
The example below shows a C minor triad (Cm):
The chord formula for any minor triad is root – m3 – P5.
Let’s build now a G minor chord (Gm):
Remember, all minor triads follow the same root – minor 3rd – perfect 5th formula.
Let’s check those chords using music notation:
That’s it! Practice this lesson and the previous ones with dedication, and in a short period, you will be able to play ANY minor or major chord. You will never need to memorize any chord chart again, ever.
In the next lesson, we will continue the Interval tutorial, so that you will be able to build any type of chord.