In the previous lesson, we learned how to read and find notes using the bass clef. We could also compare notes between the bass and the treble clefs.

It’s important to remember that the reference note used in the bass clef is F. Not any F, but the one located before the middle C:

Also, the reference note in treble clef is G. Again, not any G, but the first G that appears after middle C. Observe:

In the keyboard diagram, it would be something like this:

So, that’s why the lower staff in a piano piece is usually a bass clef. However, that’s not a rule, since it will depend on how high or low the piece is written.

Also, is very common to see the clef switching between bass and treble in a piece:

It happens to keep the reading easy since it’s a lot trickier to read notes when there are too much ledger lines (those small lines that extend the staff).

To better understand this concept, let’s locate the reference F note from the bass clef in the treble clef:

And now, let’s locate the G note from the treble clef in the bass clef:

Notice that the F note from the bass clef is a very low note in the treble clef. Also, the G note from the treble clef needs three ledger lines so that we can write it correctly in the bass clef.

So, that’s why reading and writing in the bass clef is so important.

I strongly recommend you to learn to read music notation, as it is one of the most important skills for any musician or producer.

Let’s now practice another simple reading exercise:

Play the treble clef with the right hand and the bass clef with the left hand. The numbers indicate the proper fingering for each hand.

As we did in the previous lesson, start by playing each hand separately. Play slowly, reading the notes carefully, and increase the tempo progressively. After a while, you will be able to play both hands together, starting in a slow tempo.

That’s it! Keep practicing!